This may include:
Regardless of the model chosen, BYOD needs to be well planned and executed across school policy and governance, teaching and learning and technical facets in order to be successful.
The Education and Training Reform Act 2006 (the Act) provides for free instruction in the standard curriculum program to all students in government schools.
Free instruction is the teaching staff, administration and the provision of facilities in connection with the instruction of the standard curriculum program, including reasonable adjustments for students with disabilities. The standard curriculum program refers to the eight key learning areas – English, Mathematics, Sciences, Humanities and Social Sciences, the Arts, Languages, Health and Physical Education, and Technologies, and four capability areas – Critical and Creative thinking, Intercultural, Ethical and Personal and Social. The standard curriculum for years F-10 means the implementation of the Victorian Curriculum F-10.
The standard curriculum for senior secondary schools means a program that enables a student to be awarded a VCE or VCAL qualification.
The Department allocates funding to schools through the Student Resource Package (SRP). This includes funding for the standard curriculum program, including associated administration, equipment, facilities and operational costs. The Act also empowers school councils to charge parents for items that the school provides or makes available to the student. The items may be categorised as either Essential Student Learning Items or Optional Items. School council may also ask parents to make a voluntary financial contribution to the school for a stated purpose. For further information refer to the Parent Payment Policy.
The Personal Devices - Parent Payments and Access policy ensures schools provide their students with equitable access to electronic devices such as laptop computers or tablets when they implement 1-to-1 learning programs and seek financial contributions from parents consistent with the Parent Payments Policy.
School councils must approve parent payments related to the purchase or lease of personal devices (such as laptop computers or tablets) and ensure that programs are implemented in a fair and equitable manner. Schools must have an equity plan in place to ensure that all students have access to devices to complete learning tasks.
Schools may purchase personal devices and provide these to students at no cost. Where schools wish to introduce programs where parents pay for personal devices they must do so in consultation with their parent community. The consultation process should provide advice on the 1-to-1 learning model and its proposed purchase/lease model including:
When implementing a BYOD program schools need to work with their community ot establish clear guidelines concerning the management of the device. Parents will need to be informed and give consent to the following:
In general, schools should ensure that any device management (policies or restrictions) of BYO devices allows sufficient functionality for student use at home (e.g. ensuring students can install software at home).
If schools plan to implement cloud based mobile device management solutions, consideration should be given to privacy impact and data security.
A school's Acceptable Use Policy should outline the appropriate use of devices to optimise learning. Consideration needs to be given to protocols to ensure successful classroom implementation.
If established protocols are breached, schools have the power to confiscate items and detain them during school hours. However schools do not have the lawful power to hold a student's goods after school hours, i.e. overnight, because this would amount to 'detinue' (the wrongful detention of goods).
Who is responsible if the device is physically damaged at school will depend on who 'owns' the device and the circumstances of the damage. Further information regarding insurance can be found at: School Equipment Reinstatement Scheme.
Generally speaking, if a student causes the damage (i.e. drops their device), it is their fault and they bear the expense. If a teacher causes or contributes to the damage (i.e. breaks the device) the school may be liable.
The model of the BYOD program may affect teaching and learning in the following ways:
A commonality amongst schools that have successfully implemented BYOD programs is careful and detailed technical planning across the following key areas:
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